|Birth||Sept. 27, 1846|
|Death||June 30, 1935|
|Cemetery||Republican City (Republican City)|
|Post||Gould (Republican City)|
|Unit||22nd Iowa Infantry, Company A|
Private James A. Smith
Company A, 22nd Iowa Infantry
Smith was born in Indiana on September 27, 1846. He was residing in Iowa City (Johnson County), Iowa when he enlisted in the regiment on July 18, 1862. If Smith’s date of birth is correct, he was 15 years old when he enlisted. He was mustered on August 22, 1862 and served 29 months. Private Smith was discharged at Davenport, Iowa on January 25, 1865.
The 22nd Iowa Infantry was organized and mustered on September 9, 1862 at Iowa City. During Smith’s tour of duty, the regiment was involved in several major campaigns and battles. A partial list includes:
Battle of Champion’s Hill (MS) (May 16, 1863).
Siege of Vicksburg (MS) (May 18-July 4, 1863).
General Sheridan’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign (VA) (August 7-November 28, 1864).
Battle of Winchester (VA) (September 19, 1864).
The Siege of Vicksburg was very costly to the Regiment. In several days of fighting the unit lost 37 soldiers, 130 were wounded, and 17 were captured. In addition, the Battle of Winchester was another major engagement. On September 19, 1864 the regiment lost 12 soldiers, 63 were wounded, and 35 were taken prisoner. Private Smith was one of the wounded. One Civil War source indicates that he was “severely wounded” and probably led to his discharge 4 months later.
Smith died on June 30, 1935 at the age of 88 years. He is buried in the Republican City Cemetery in Republican City (Harlan County), Nebraska. At the time of his death, he was the last member of the Gould Post (#216) of the Grand Army of the Republic in Republican City.
Doc – Smith(22IOWA).doc
Note: Veteran bios were compiled and written by Dean Podoll.