|Birth||Oct. 14, 1837|
|Death||Oct. 23, 1930|
|Unit||9th Iowa Infantry, Company A|
Corporal Thomas P. Groat
Company A, 9th Iowa Infantry
Groat was born in New York State on October 14, 1837. He was residing in Maquoketa (Jackson County), Iowa when he enlisted in the regiment on August 14, 1861. Groat was mustered in on September 24, 1861 and served about 46 months. He re-enlisted on January 23, 1864 and was promoted to corporal on May 27, 1865. He was mustered out of the unit on July 18, 1865 at Louisville, Kentucky.
The 9th Iowa Infantry was organized and mustered at Dubuque, Iowa on September 24, 1861. During Groat’s enlistment the regiment was involved in many major battles and campaigns. Some of them include:
Battle of Pea Ridge (AK) (March 6-8, 1862). Regimental losses were 34 killed and 184 wounded.
Battle of Jackson (MS) (May 14, 1863).
Siege of Vicksburg (MS) (May 18-July 4, 1863). Regimental losses were 25 killed and 84 wounded.
Atlanta Campaign (GA) (May 1-September 8, 1864).
Battle of Resaca (GA) (May 14-15-, 1864).
Siege of Atlanta (GA) (July 22-August 25, 1864).
Pursuit of General Hood in Alabama (October 1-26, 1864).
General Sherman’s “March to the Sea” (GA) (November 15-December 10, 1864).
Siege of Savannah (GA) (December 10-21, 1864).
Campaign of the Carolinas (January-April, 1865).
Battle of Bentonville (NC) (March 20-21, 1865).
At the Bennett House (Raleigh NC) on April 26, 1865 when General Johnston surrendered the Army of Tennessee.
Grand Review of the Troops (Washington DC) (May 24, 1865).
The 9th Iowa Infantry suffered heavy casualties throughout the Civil War. The regiment lost 12 officers and 142 enlisted men in combat operations. In addition, 2 officers and 230 enlisted men died due to diseases. The total loss from both causes was 386 men.
Groat died on October 23, 1930 at the age of 97 years. He is buried in the Elmwood Cemetery in Carroll (Wayne County), Nebraska. At the time of his death, he was the last member of the Hayward Post (#349) of the Grand Army of the Republic in Carroll. In addition, he was a member of the Randolph Post (#352) in Randolph, Nebraska.
Note: Veteran bios were compiled and written by Dean Podoll.