Matthew S Claybaugh


BirthDec. 1, 1846
DeathApril 18, 1933
CemeteryProspect Hill (Elkhorn)
PostAtlanta (Valley)
Unit50th Illinois Infantry, Company I

Private Matthew S Claybaugh

Company I, 50th Illinois Infantry

Claybaugh was born in Henderson County, Illinois on December 1, 1846. He was residing in Quincy (Adams County), Illinois when he enlisted on February 25, 1864. The 17 year old private enlisted at Quincy for a term of 3 years. Claybaugh was mustered in the unit on February 27, 1865 and served about 18 months. He was mustered out of the unit on July 13, 1865 at Louisville, Kentucky.

The 50th Illinois Infantry was organized and mustered at Quincy, Illinois on September 12, 1861. Claybaugh would have probably joined the regiment in March 1864. During his enlistment the regiment was involved in many major battles and historic events. A partial list includes:

Atlanta (GA) Campaign (May 1-September 8, 1864).

Battle of Resaca (GA) (May 14-15, 1864).

Battle of Allatoona (GA) (October 5, 1864).

General Sherman’s “March to the Sea” (GA) (November 15-December 10, 1864).

Siege of Savannah (GA) (December 10-21, 1864).

Campaign of the Carolinas (January-April 1865).

Battle of Bentonville (NC) (March 20-21, 1865).

At the Bennett House (Raleigh NC) when General Joe Johnston surrendered the Army of Tennessee.

Grand Review of the Troops (Washington DC) (May 24, 1865).

The Battle of Allatoona was the regiment’s most costly engagement during the Civil War. The unit lost 15 soldiers and 3 were wounded on October 5, 1864.

The 50th Illinois Infantry lost 2 officers and 60 enlisted men in combat operations during the War. In addition, 129 enlisted men died due to disease. The total loss was 191 men.

Claybaugh died on April 18, 1933 at the age of 86 years. He is buried in the Prospect Hill Cemetery in Elkhorn (Douglas County), Nebraska. At the time of his death, he was the last member of the Atlanta Post (#174) of the Grand Army of the Republic in Valley, Nebraska.

Doc – Claybaugh(50ILL).doc

Note: Veteran bios were compiled and written by Dean Podoll.


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