|Birth||Oct. 25, 1844|
|Death||March 11, 1931|
|Cemetery||Rose Hill (Callaway)|
|Unit||45th Ohio Infantry, Company A|
Private Joseph F Readhead
Company A, 45th Ohio Infantry
Readhead (also spelled Redhead) was born in Newark (Licking County), Ohio on October 25, 1844. The 18 year old Readhead enlisted on July 4, 1862. He was mustered in the regiment on August 19, 1862 and served about 33 months. He was mustered out on June 12, 1865 at Camp Harker, Tennessee.
The 45th Ohio Infantry was organized at Camp Chase (Columbus), Ohio on August 19, 1862. In the early part of 1863 the unit became a mounted infantry regiment and joined the 7th Ohio Cavalry and 10th Kentucky Cavalry as members of a brigade. On October 23, 1863 the unit fought at the Battle of Philadelphia in eastern Tennessee. It was the most costly engagement for the unit and regimental losses were 4 killed, 9 wounded, and 134 captured. Private Readhead was one of the prisoners. The captured soldiers were sent to Richmond, Virginia and imprisoned at that location during the winter of 1863-64. One source indicates that 63 members of the regiment died during their imprisonment. The remaining prisoners were sent to Andersonville Prison in Macon County, Georgia. The prison was known for its’ overcrowded conditions, poor sanitation, and harsh conditions. The website for the 45th Ohio indicates that 68 prisoners died at Andersonville. An exact date of Readhead’s release from Andersonville Prison was not available. It is probable that he was freed in November 1864 when camp prisoners were liberated during General William Sherman’s “March to the Sea”.
Readhead died in 1931 and is buried in the Callaway Cemetery in Callaway (Custer County), Nebraska. He was one of the last members of the Hayes Post (#264) of the Grand Army of the Republic in Callaway.
Doc – Readhead(45OHIO).doc
Note: Veteran bios were compiled and written by Dean Podoll.